Saltwater aquarium in 1:12 scale

by brae  

One of the main features of Baxter Pointe Villa is the saltwater aquarium room divider.  This post shows the process I followed for my test tank and this final tank below.  Some images can be clicked to enlarge.

There are several miniature aquariums on the market, some with lighting. In fact, I had one in my childhood dollhouse, though I lost track of it a long time ago. Additionally, there are miniaturists out there who have made their own fish tanks. There's a wonderful tutorial on the Greenleaf forum for just such a tank.

I wanted to go one step further and make an elaborate saltwater tank with bright, vibrant fish and custom lighting.  My inspiration for the overall size and feel of the aquarium came from various real life tanks where the aquarium is mounted in the wall and often serves as a room divider. Very posh.  (For real life examples, see Fish World and Shipwreck Cove Custom Aquariums.)

While I did have a few smaller acrylic boxes on hand, I wanted a larger tank...something that would be better suited as a room divider than a fish tank in the corner.  I found these boxes, the original purpose of which was to display diecast cars.  They measure approximately 4" L x 2" H x 2" D each, though the usable area is shorter since there is a noticeable lip around the top that would detract from the illusion of a real life sized aquarium.  Ten dollars for five tanks gave me five attempts to get it right, though I think if it had taken me five attempts I'd have given up around three in a fit of tears and inappropriate words.

It probably would have been better if I had a tank that were tall instead of short and more straight-sided, but I think it works well for what I intended.

Interestingly enough, the bases seem very well suited to aquarium hoods when turned upside down.  Remove the knobs on top (or fashion something over them) and add a quick coat of paint, and you're all set.  They even have pre-drilled holes if you wanted to add lighting.  :]

Since I had never worked with resin water before, I decided to do a test tank.  I started with white sand I bought at the dollar store.  I figured I would need to glue everything in place before adding the resin water, so I experimented with several different methods for gluing the sand in the tank.

I used a mixture of white sand from the dollar store, glue and paint.  For the gravel, I used gemstone beads that I smashed with a hammer into finer bits.  I used the same glue/paint/sand techniques to attach the gravel to see which worked the best.  Here's the result of those multiple techniques.

I ordered some tiny, tiny, TINY shells from Ronni at Timber Ridge Studio, and in my package she included a bunch of slightly imperfect shells.  I dipped a few in glue and pressed them into place.  Actually, these aren't the smallest she carries...she has micromini shells, too!!!  :D

Look at all the intricate detail!  Isn't the natural world a remarkable thing?  :]

I found some great plastic plants from A Little More in Miniatures at a local mini show.  I cut them into varying lengths and used clear glue to attach them to the tank floor.

For the larger stones, fish and other live creatures, I used polymer clays.  Since this was a test tank, I didn't put a whole lot of effort into the sculpts before baking.  Some were baked attached to rocks, while others were glued in place after baking.  I love Sculpey Bake N Bond!  Just a dab really holds so you don't mar your creations by pressing them together.

I bought two sea urchin polymer clay molds from Tina at Beadcomber.  These were cast from actual urchins and they have wonderful details.

I used the smaller one to create a flat sea creature...sort of a mix between coral and urchin.  :]  I dusted it with pastels before baking.

The blue fish was painted with metallic Testors paint; the rest were formed of colored clay.  The rock the blue fish is on was painted with regular craft acrylic paint.  As a final touch, I painted eyes on all the fish with Testors black paint using a sewing pin.  The fish were all glued in place with Aleene's clear gel glue before I added the resin.

I sealed half of the urchin creature with acrylic sealer and added a couple of non-plastic plants just to see how the resin would react with these materials.

Of course, my test tank was looking better with everything I added.  Isn't that always the case?  Now, I was worried about ruining it with the resin.  But, there was no turning back!

I bought Acrylic Water from Walmart since others who have made these tanks recommended it.  It was also way cheaper than other casting resins on the market.  It was super easy to use, but I must say finding measuring cups was not easy.  Sure, I could have ordered them online, but really...a craft store that sells resin kits should have plastic measuring cups.  I ended up buying a pack of 9oz. Chinet cups from Target and made my own measuring cups.  :D

The test tank took 6oz. of resin mixture.  I filled it to the line around the top to make it less obvious.

The directions said to mix the epoxy with the hardener and stir "until clear."  Well, it was clear but it had streak-like formations in it that I didn't notice until after it was poured into the tank.  I don't know if that meant I didn't stir it long enough or if that was just the nature of the resin.

During the first few minutes, some large bubbles rose to the top and popped.  Using a toothpick, I dislodged a few that were stuck as well.  There were some tiny bubbles left in the resin, but I liked the look of them.  That sort of aeration is similar to what a real tank has.

After 48 hours, the resin had hardened and looked good for the most part.

Most of the streaks had disappeared, but there was a halo in the area where I had painted a rock with acrylic paints.  Though I wasn't sure it was a reaction with the resin, I figured it was best to eliminate those paints in the next trial just in case.

Had I intended to display the tank in a cabinet with a backdrop, the halo wouldn't matter since I could likely disguise it...but I wanted to be able to see it from both sides and the streak ruined the illusion of real water.  Still, not bad for a test tank.  :]

For the second and final tank, I skipped the sea urchin creature and instead added two starfish, also from Ronni at Timber Ridge Studio.

I put in more plants as well as taller plants.  I spent a bit more time sculpting the fish and added a bit more detail to them.

I also stirred the resin for close to ten minutes to make sure it was as clear as I could get it before filling it up to the side openings along the rim to take advantage of all the usable space available.  I got a few more bubbles this time - probably from too much stirring, but I think it turned out fab!  :D

To place it in the wall, I built a base that fits just around the tiny lip on the bottom (shown with the test tank).

I used square posts in the corners for stability.

I built the soffit in the same manner, cutting notches for the thin room divider near the ceiling and adding a brace across the inside to glue it in place.  Here it is shown without the back, which was put on after installation.

I bought two cool white LEDs from Evan Designs to light the tank.  To diffuse the lighting at bit, I used a recycled report cover with a lined texture to finish the inside of the topper.

And, here is the final tank set in the wall.  I love it!  I especially love the way the lights pick up the bubbles in the resin.

There is a door on the kitchen side of the aquarium soffit that allows access to the tank.  I hardwired the lighting, so it's meant only as a means for the residents to feed the fish!  :D

Note: any resin used will likely yellow over time, so use at your own discretion.


Comment from: Josje [Visitor]
Oh wow! That last photo could be one from a glossy magazine! I love the colours of the fish tank and the subtle light it emits. What a wonderful idea. Thank you for showing the process of making your fish tank, I enjoyed that.
07/04/11 @ 01:00
Comment from: Kaisa [Visitor]
It is stunning. I love your house. If only I could live in it.
07/04/11 @ 04:15
Comment from: Kathi [Visitor]
This is amazing! I love it! A winner for sure!!!!! Thank you for sharing your techniques too. I've always loved aquariums. I just may try this someday! Congratulations on yet another outstanding idea!
07/04/11 @ 05:06
Comment from: Casey [Visitor]
Thanks for the information about the tank. It turned out to look like a real tank in every way! I use the Walmart water all the time. I think that it is just as good as the more expensive stuff and way less money! Good luck in the contest!
07/04/11 @ 08:21
Comment from: Plushpussycat [Visitor]
Wow again! Thank you for the lovely tutorial. The finished product is amazing! Jennifer
07/04/11 @ 15:39
Comment from: Ann [Visitor]
I always appreciate hearing (and seeing) other's works using different materials.. I am going to have to build myself a fish tank one of these days! Thank you so much for this tutorial. YOu're awesome Brae!
07/04/11 @ 19:00
Comment from: Pepper [Visitor]
This is fabulous and I love that you have it as a room divider. Gorgeous!
07/05/11 @ 02:32
Comment from: Keli [Visitor]
Amazing work, as always. The tank couldn't have turned out better.
07/05/11 @ 06:15
Comment from: brae [Member]
Thanks so much! This was one of my initial ideas, and I am glad it worked out in the end. I just couldn't see the living room and kitchen floorplan without it.
07/05/11 @ 15:23
Comment from: Cecelia [Visitor]
Brae it is truly amazing! Love the colorful light effect. I have tried some resin projects but now I am anxious to get some of the walmart water stuff to try. I am always amazed with your talents and your devotion and love for your projects. thank you so much for sharing your skills, ideas and photos.
07/05/11 @ 19:44
Comment from: Margriet [Visitor]
Your aquarium is beautiful! Love the colorful fish! Thank you for explaining the process of making it!
07/07/11 @ 01:22
Comment from: Audra [Visitor]  
I did a search for can pot lights and found this link! I had a problem with my water cracking in my pond I made and the clay seemed to 'bleed' the colors after time. (pics in my blog) I was told to pour just little bits of the resin water at a time. You poured yours all at once? I will have to check out the resin from walmart. I picked mine up at Joannes
08/28/11 @ 18:52
Comment from: brae [Member]
Yep, all at once. I didn't want lines between the different layers. I just let it sit for two full days in a room we barely use. :D
08/28/11 @ 18:57
Comment from: Loly Rodriguez [Visitor]
maravilloso acuario , un trabajo increíble y muchísimas gracias por compartir sus trabajos e ideas. Saludos Loly
04/15/12 @ 07:07
Comment from: Linda [Visitor]
Was the sand mixed in with the glue and paint or in layers?
09/07/12 @ 17:38
Comment from: brae [Member]
I did both mixing and layering before the glue was set until I achieved the look I wanted.
09/07/12 @ 17:40
Comment from: Lisa [Visitor]
Your aquarium is AMAZING!!! I have tried the same project, hit or miss... I have about 6 tries under my belt. I am onto number 7 now... thanks for the thread idea! I couldn't get the fish to a position that looks like they are floating. They all began to sink. Your work is stunning to say the least! Best aquarium in miniature on the web! and believe me I have looked.
03/24/13 @ 20:03
Comment from: brae [Member]
Thanks so much! :D
03/27/13 @ 16:58
Comment from: Lynnett [Visitor]
Where did you purchase the container 5 for $10
09/05/13 @ 16:57
Comment from: brae [Member]
It was a local hobby store - HobbyTown USA, I think. But, I've seen them online, too.
09/06/13 @ 22:06
Comment from: Lynnett [Visitor]
Ty for posting back. I have tried to find the plastic plants, but not much luck, everything I have found that is too big. Any suggestions besides what you posted in the tutorial? What kind of glue did you use with the sand. I am so excited to start. One other thing do you know of any other brand of acrylic water that works well? Our Walmarts don't sell it anymore. I have something called crystal lacquer that I use for water in my fountains and has worked good, but don't know how it will do with a thicker amount. Thank you for getting the creative juices flowing.
09/17/13 @ 01:01
Comment from: brae [Member]
I get all my plants from A Little More in Miniatures, so I've not looked elsewhere. I have tried one other resin - the name escapes me at the moment, but it didn't work at all.
09/18/13 @ 10:23
Comment from: Kathy [Visitor]
How wonderful! It's details like this that make a house or roombox come to life! Thanks also for the tips on getting tiny and MICRO tiny shells, finding less expensive "water", and your general creative process. I have a couple of tips for you on stirring resin: to avoid incorporating any more air than absolutely necessary, don't stir too vigorously. Stir in a figure 8 pattern and don't move the stirrer up and down at all. I have found that craft popsicle sticks work very well. When pouring into the final container, always pour slowly down the side of the container in a steady stream... No interruptions. If your project allows, tapping it gently on a flat surface should help any larger bubbles to rise to be dealt with as you did with a toothpick.
02/05/14 @ 15:43
Comment from: brae [Member]
Thanks for the tips! :D I don't stir vigorously, but this resin seems to have bubbles as standard. It comes with a popsicle stick, too.
02/10/14 @ 09:19
Comment from: Lori Green [Visitor]
This is beautiful. It looks real. I now have to read it again. I love working with resin. I did a tiny fish in a bottle that I gave to my Niece. she loved it. The resin came out very clear. I used dried moss on the bottom. The resin brightened the moss and made it very green. I was happy with the effect. I want to try this. I have to see where you got that container. My Niece would go crazy for it.
08/28/14 @ 17:24
Comment from: Heather [Visitor]
This is really beautiful! What kind of glue did you use to mix with your sand?
10/06/15 @ 21:02
Comment from: brae [Member]
Thank you! :D I used Aleene's white glue.
10/08/15 @ 09:03

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